URBANISM ON THREE LEVELS

Current urban planning is insufficient to deal with today’s pressing urban problems of resource consumption and waste, and is limited in its design. It fails to take into account the problems of water, energy, waste, biodiversity, urban distribution, services, the incorporation of new technologies, and the development of knowledge-dense areas.


The new urbanism, called urbanism on three levels, is composed of three layers (three horizontal planes on an urbanistic scale) set atop each other – underground, ground level, and above ground. This three-tiered development uses the same precision and detail as that used in current, single layer ground level urban planning. It is one of the instruments used to manage ecosystemic urbanism.


In practice, this form of urban development enhances the possibilities of each level to achieve greater self-sufficiency, functionality and habitability of the urban environment. Each level is designed in its entirety, making use of logic and interconnectedness among the rest of the levels. Interconnection is a key element to new urbanism, encompassing mobility, services, biodiversity and cycles of materials, water and energy. This development seeks to resolve urban dysfunctions through the use of renewable resources. Rain and aquifers for water, sun for energy and recovered materials for construction, are some elements that will enable urbanism on three levels to become a complex, socially cohesive, urban organism.


A public space is conceived on each level, with the ground level reserved for citizens. A new layer of biodiversity is developed at the top level. Urban distribution, parking and services are planned underground. The development of these levels will provide a set of legal, economic and organizational instruments that will arrange a new status quo and will be better situated to resolve new challenges brought on by modern society. New buildings must allow for mixed uses and have public establishments on the ground floor. The buildings must form streets with formal continuity.


This model contains a mixture of uses and functions, and cannot be developed with buildings of a single function repeated over large areas. Therefore, the formal ecological solutions and practical uses will be unique to each building, and will form an urban network with an extremely important effect on the city model.

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URBANISM ON THREE LEVELS

<<Urbanism on three levels (underground, ground level, and above ground) is a new type of urbanism composed of three layers. This structure allows for the redistribution of urban functions (housing, services, water and waste management etc.) on three horizontal planes. Above ground, urbanism is linked to biodiversity, energy and water. Underground, parking and transportation services control urban distribution, mass mobility of passengers, the water cycle and energy management. The ground level is dedicated to services, functionality and public space. Urbanism on three levels is a sustainable solution to new urban development. It maximizes ecological efficiency and contributes to biodiversity, the water cycle, and clean forms of energy.>>